The European Union (EU) Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation, and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) Regulation and the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive have many things in common: both are required for market access, are commonly managed by product and/or materials compliance departments, and restrict the use of potentially dangerous substances in all products sold. Both the EU REACH Regulation and EU RoHS Directive aim to reduce and restrict substances that can be deemed harmful to humans and the environment, but there are also many differences between the two pieces of legislation, even though discussions about them often go hand-in-hand.
There is some overlap between the two pieces of legislation. When a substance that is already covered under the RoHS Directive is added to the REACH SVHC Candidate List, enforcement authorities make an effort to ensure there is no conflict between requirements and that controls are consistent. There is a common understanding that RoHS should be given priority to regulate all issues pertaining to the use of substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE).
One more thing both REACH and RoHS have in common is the risk associated with non-compliance. Non-compliance with either law can result in reputation damage, loss of market access, recall of goods, loss of revenues, and/or fines. When you’re working to develop a RoHS compliance program, or a REACH one, here are some of the similarities and differences to keep in mind.
How Do REACH and RoHS Compare?
|Scope||A horizontal framework, applicable to all parts and products sold in the EU, with some exemptions, such as radioactive materials.||A vertical sector-specific law that focuses on all electronic and electrical equipment, with a small list of specific exclusions, such as the means of transport and equipment used solely for national security purposes.|
|Substances||Requires written disclosure of all SVHCs (currently a list numbering 209) in products and packaging.||Restricts the concentration of 10 specific substances in (EEE) products.|
|Evaluation||Evaluated at the article level.||Evaluated at the homogenous material level.|
|Legal||Is a regulation, which is legally-binding across all EU member states.||Is a directive, which means each member state must put it into national law, but it must have the same impact and effect across all territories.|
What Is RoHS Compliance?
The EU RoHS Directive seeks to limit the impact and exposure of specific hazardous substances to consumers and the environment, and reduce occupational exposure when products or equipment are manufactured, recycled, or sent for final disposal. To be EU RoHS compliant, companies must put measures in place like a RoHS compliance solution to control the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) and provide documentation demonstrating compliance with all aspects of this European Single Market directive.
Accordingly, electrical and electronic products and all accessories sold with them cannot be placed on the market if they contain RoHS-restricted substances above maximum concentration limits at the homogeneous level. However, RoHS does include exemptions that allow some restricted substances to be used in certain very technical and specific applications if a suitable substitute is not available on the market or that substitute has a greater environmental impact. The use of any exemption must still be disclosed when making declarations of RoHS compliance.
What Is REACH Compliance?
To achieve EU REACH compliance, companies must demonstrate evidence of a robust, ongoing product compliance program with incremental improvement, which includes the collection of supplier data and documentation.
Data required to comply with the REACH Regulation, which came into effect in mid-2007, centers around Candidate List substances of very high concern (SVHCs), certain authorized substances used in EU manufacturing (Annex XIV), and restricted chemicals (Annex XVII), which are listed by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) at the request of member states or the European Commission.
Companies must audit their products and parts against the substances that are restricted from being manufactured, marketed, or used across the EU, and meet restriction conditions for entry. If substances are on the Authorisation List, companies must gain appropriate authorization in order to use these substances in the EU.
Get expert advice on RoHS product compliance and learn how to set up a RoHS management program by downloading a free copy of Assent’s guide, The RoHS Handbook: Your Guide to Compliance. This short PDF tells you everything you need to know about what to do if you’re in scope of this important regulation.